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Tea types

Tea types:

All the tea types are from the same Camellia sinesis tea plants. With the different production method can be achieved different tea types. Here is a short description about the different tea types and how they are produced.

Black tea/red tea

Black tea is the most processed tea. It is the most popular tea in the western countries. Originally black tea was desinged to taste for the Brits. It was also easy to transport long distances without getting bad. 

Producing of black tea is a complicated process which includes several steps. In the process black tea gets its typical black color and its unique taste. The color of black tea varies form light brown to dark black. The drink is usually dark brown. Biggest black tea producers in the world are India, China, Kenia and Vietnam. In the China black tea is known as red tea. This is duet to the fact that in China the tea is usually named after the color of the drink. There are many different ways to season and flavor black tea. The most typical flavored teas are Earl Grey, Lapsang souchong and Chai - latte.

Yellow tea

The leaves of yeallow tea are slighly roasted after they have been picked. After that the leaves are set in the dark place where they get their yellow color. The leaves of yellow tea tare typically yello or golden brown. The actual drink is typically ligh yellow or light bronw. The taste of yellow tea is similar to black tea but has also some honey and grain in the taste.

The biggest producers of yellow tea are China and Taiwan. In the Forsman tea selection you can find many excellent yellow teas such as Keltainen Kruunu and Kultainen Verso to mention few.

Green tea

Green tea is the most consumed drink in the world after water. Green tea is also a national drink of China. However green tea is not drank just in China and is consumed all over the world. Green tea has many healthy benefits which have been proved in the scientifical researh. Chinese medicine has been using green tea as a typical medicine for ages.

Green tea is not fermented in the tea production. Fermenting process is stopped by heating the leaves by steaming or roasting. Steaming is the the oldest method to stop the fermenting. It keeps the color of the leaves green and the taste stays slightly tart. Roasting changes the leaf color a bit toward brown and gives leaves a bit smoky and sweet taste.

There are plenty of different green teas. Maybe the most famous onea area Gun Powder, Longjing, Sencha and Matcha. Green tea is produced in China, Japan and Vietnam.

White tea

White tea is the least processes of all tea types. This means that it is also the most natural of all tea types. The leaves of white tea have been just dried and packed after picking them so the production is very simple.  

Only the unopened leaves have been picked for the best white teas. For a bit cheaper white tea types have leaves which are already opening or already opened buds. The name of white tea comes to the fact that there is a small hair in the surface of the leaves. Since the leaves are picked in the early phase of the growth the clorofyl in the leafs is also small and the color of the leaves is light green or white.

White tea leaves are normally dried outdoors. The color of the leaves varies from silverwhite to light green. In the cup white tea is almost colorless (varies from light green to neutral). The taste of white tea is typically herbal and a bit sweet. The biggest producers of white tea are China and Taiwan.

Oolong tea

Oolong tea can be described to be between black and green tea. The degree of oxcidation in the oolong tea can vary between 10 to 70 percent. This means that there are many kind of teas that belong to oolong tea type. In the West we often speak about green of brown oolong. The oolong tea is highly respected among tea enthusiast especially because of the rich and diverse taste. Tea leaves of oolong tea are typically something between green and brown as well as the actual drink. astajien keskuudessa. Teenlehtien väri voi vaihdella vihreästä ruskeaan, kuten valmiinkin juoman väri.

The producers of oolong tea are China and Taiwan. You can find excellent oolong teas also from the Forsman selection. For example Pu Erh Oolong and Ti Kuan Yin Superior are brilliant choises for all tea lovers.

Pu’er

Puer is typically known as Chinese own health tea. The taste of Puer is sometimes better when aged, however this is only partly true and among puer drinkers there are people who prefer young, middle aged or aged tea. Puer is considered as the oldest of all tea types. It has origin in the Yunnan area which is considered as the birthplace of tea. Puer is made though complicaded process and ofter pressed as tea caces in the end. Puer cakes have typically dark brown color. Some of the most expensive Puer cakes can cost thousands of euros in the tea auchions.

Puer is prepared for tea by brewing it in the 95 degree water for few minutes (look the right temperature here). Puer is sold as tea caces or loose leaves. Puer tea is prepared for tea for same way as any other tea type: You just take a piece of the tea cake and then use is as you would brew any other tea. Puer tea can be brewed many times.

The smell of Puer is typically strong. Ready drink is typically red and has a soft sweetness and sligtly "earthy taste". Puer tea is produced in China.

Herbal tea

Herbal tea is typically similar type of drink as tea with small amount of caffeine. In the Forsman selection there are many kind of herbal teas which can be used as tea in the daily basis. In the Forsman selection you can find many herbal teas with the excellent taste but also with the many health benefits. There are for example products which help with the digesting, give extra energy or boost your immune system.

Scented tea

Typically the taste of scented tea comes from different flowers. Especially Jasmin flowers is often used in the scented tea. The taste of a scented tea is typically soft and sophisticated. The intensity of scented tea depens on how many times the flowers have been scented.

Flawored tea

All the tea types can be flawored. Typically flaworing is done by using fruit oils, flowers, spices, herbs or pieces of fruits. By flaworing tea we can find interesting new flowors or highligt the tea aroma. The most commonly used flaworings are lemon, cinemon, bergamot and vanilja.

Rooibos

Rooibos tea grows only in  South-Africa. The rooibos is typically about 0,5 to 1,5 m high bush with the small needle type of leaves. The leaves are used to make the actual Rooibos drink. In the production of Rooibos the leaves are fermented. During the fermenting the green leaves got their typical red color.

Rooibos does not contain any caffein and it is very stomach-friendly product. Rooibos contains plenty of healty antioxides and flavonoids. In addition for being a beverige Rooibos is also used in the cosmetics since it is said to keep skin younger and firm. Preparing Rooibos is very simple since it is almost impossible to prepare it wrong. The optimal temperature for Rooibos is about 95 degrees celsius. However even boiling water does not harm Rooibos taste. Rooibos is excellent "tea" especially for the people who are sensitive with the caffein. Rooibos can be drank both hot and cold. 

Mate  (Yerba Mate)

Yerba mate is South American herbal drink with the high caffein. Mate contains lots of caffein, C-vitamin and health-beneficcial antioxides. Mate is very common drink in South America and especially popular in Argentina, Uruguay and Brasil. Mate is very rich with coffein and comparable to coffee. Mate is used especially because of its refreshing nature.

Typically Mate is drank form the Mate cup. There are many types of Mate cups but maybe the most traditional is covered Calabash. From the Mate cup Mate is drunk with the special tool Bombila (drinking straw). Mate can be used both hot and cold.